By J.T. Mendonça,Hugo Terças
The introduction of laser cooling of atoms resulted in the invention of ultra-cold topic, with temperatures lower than liquid Helium, which monitors numerous new actual phenomena. Physics of Ultra-Cold Matter offers an summary of this contemporary region of technology, with a dialogue of its major effects and an outline of its theoretical thoughts and methods.
Ultra-cold subject could be thought of in 3 detailed levels: ultra-cold fuel, Bose Einstein condensate, and Rydberg plasmas. This publication supplies an built-in view of this new quarter of technological know-how on the frontier among atomic physics, condensed subject, and plasma physics. It describes those 3 exact levels whereas exploring the diversities, in addition to the occasionally unforeseen similarities, in their respective theoretical methods.
This e-book is an informative advisor for researchers, and the advantages are a end result from an built-in view of a really vast quarter of study, that's constrained in prior books approximately this topic. the most unifying software explored during this publication is the wave kinetic concept in keeping with Wigner services. different theoretical techniques, finally extra usual to the reader, also are given for extension and comparability. The ebook considers laser cooling recommendations, atom-atom interactions, and specializes in the effortless excitations and collective oscillations in atomic clouds, Bose-Einstein condensates, and Rydberg plasmas. Linear and nonlinear tactics are thought of, together with Landau damping, soliton excitation and vortices. Atomic interferometers and quantum coherence also are incorporated.
By Alfonso Hernández-Laguna,J. Maruani,R. McWeeny,Stephen Wilson
By Xiao Feng Pang
This e-book offers a vast and entire introductions to the molecular constitution, novel and anomalous homes, nonlinear excitations, soliton motions, magnetization, and organic results of water. those topics are defined by means of either experimental effects and theoretical analyses. those contents are very attention-grabbing and worthy to clarify and clarify the matter of “what is in the world water”. This publication includes the learn result of the writer and many scientists in contemporary decades.
“Water: Molecular constitution and homes” is self-contained and unified in presentation. it can be used as a sophisticated textbook by means of graduate scholars or even formidable undergraduates in Physics and Biology. it's also appropriate for the researchers and engineers in Physics, Biology and water science.
- Molecule buildings of Water and Its Features
- The houses of Water and Its Anomalies
- The Magnetic box results on Water and Its Magnetization
- Water movement and Its Non-Linear Excitation States
- Water with existence and existence Activity
Readership: Graduate scholars in Physics and Biology, researchers and engineers in Physics, Biology and water science.
By André Anders
Cathodic arcs are one of the longest studied but least understood gadgets in technology. Plasma-generating, tiny spots look at the cathode; they're hugely dynamic and difficult to regulate. With an method emphasizing the fractal personality of cathode spots, strongly fluctuating plasma homes are defined akin to the presence of multiply charged ions that circulate with supersonic speed. Richly illustrated, the ebook additionally offers with useful concerns, corresponding to arc resource building, macroparticle removing, and the synthesis of dense, good adherent coatings. The booklet spans a bridge from plasma physics to coatings expertise in accordance with full of life condensation, attractive to scientists, practitioners and graduate scholars alike.
By Robert E. H. Clark,Detlev Reiter
It turned transparent within the early days of fusion examine that the results of the containment vessel (erosion of "impurities") degrade the final fusion plasma functionality. development in managed nuclear fusion learn during the last decade has ended in magnetically restricted plasmas that, in flip, are sufficiently robust to damage the vessel buildings over its lifetime. This booklet studies present realizing and ideas to accommodate this final serious layout factor for fusion reactors. It studies either growth and open questions, mostly by way of on hand and sought-after plasma-surface interplay information and atomic/molecular facts with regards to those "plasma part" issues.
By Thomas Schultz,Marc Vrakking
With recognize to the interplay of excessive depth lasers with subject, it covers ultrafast lasers, high-harmonic new release, attosecond pulse new release and characterization. different chapters overview strong-field physics, unfastened electron lasers and experimental instrumentation.
Written in a simple obtainable kind, the booklet is aimed toward graduate and postgraduate scholars so one can help the clinical education of early level researchers during this rising box. unique emphasis is put on the sensible procedure of establishing experiments, permitting younger researchers to advance a variety of medical abilities with a view to speed up the improvement of spectroscopic thoughts and their implementation in clinical experiments.
The editors are managers of a study community dedicated to the schooling of younger scientists, and this ebook notion relies on a summer time university equipped by means of the ATTOFEL community.
By Nicholas R. Lewkow
By R.J. Shul,S.J. Pearton
By Joachim Heintze,Peter Bock
By Päivi Törmä,Klaus Sengstock
Quantum phenomena of many-particle platforms are interesting of their complexity and are for that reason now not absolutely understood and principally untapped when it comes to useful functions. Ultracold gases supply a special platform to accumulate version structures of quantum many-body physics with hugely managed microscopic ingredients. during this manner, many-body quantum phenomena might be investigated with an extraordinary point of precision, and regulate and versions that can not be solved with today's pcs might be studied utilizing ultracold gases as a quantum simulator.
This booklet addresses the necessity for a finished description of an important complex experimental equipment and methods which have been built in addition to the theoretical framework in a transparent and acceptable layout. the point of interest is on equipment which are in particular the most important in probing and knowing the many-body nature of the quantum phenomena in ultracold gases and so much themes are lined either from a theoretical and experimental standpoint, with interrelated chapters written by way of specialists from either side of research.
Graduate scholars and post-doctoral researches engaged on ultracold gases will reap the benefits of this booklet, in addition to researchers from different fields who desire to achieve an outline of the new attention-grabbing advancements during this very dynamically evolving box. adequate point of either particular excessive point learn and a pedagogical procedure is maintained in the course of the publication so one can be of worth to these getting into the sector in addition to complex researchers. additionally, either experimentalists and theorists will enjoy the booklet; shut collaboration among the 2 are continually riding the sector to a really excessive point and should be reinforced to proceed the $64000 development but to be made within the field.