Antioch on the Orontes: A History and a Guide - download pdf or read online

By Jørgen Christensen-Ernst

Two thousand years in the past, Antioch at the Orontes River was once the 3rd most vital urban within the Roman Empire. this present day, it's a small Turkish city of 200,000 population whose viewers may possibly locate it tricky to visualize this position at its height. This booklet is a biography of Antioch — or Antakiyye of the Arabs, or Antakya of the Turks. it's a description of its formative years lower than the Seleucid Dynasty, its youth less than the Romans, the Byzantines, and the Norman Crusaders, and its lengthy decline below the Marmelukes and the Ottomans. Antioch at the Orontes also will consultant the reader via modern day Antioch, highlighting major old websites. The publication comprises an advent to theological advancements in Antioch that experience encouraged Christendom and covers the numerous religions represented within the urban this day.

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Read e-book online United Arab Emirates (UAE) in Perspective - Orientation PDF

By U.S. Government,U.S. Military,Department of Defense

those precise publications produced through the dep. of safety supply complete information regarding all facets of lifestyles within the United Arab Emirates (UAE) - Abu Dhabi, Dubai - with a unique emphasis on geography, heritage, the economic system, society, safeguard and armed forces issues, faith, traditions, city and rural lifestyles, ethnic teams, crime, the surroundings, govt, vacation trips, gender matters and masses more.

UAE nation PROFILE * advent * U.A.E in proof and Figures * GEOGRAPHY * The local * region * weather * Environmental matters * significant towns * historical past * advent * Beginnings within the Bronze Age * Greek Conquerors and Persian Emperors * the arriving of Islam * The Age of ecu Colonization * the trail to Independence * contemporary occasions * Timeline * economic system * creation * alternate & * Banking & trade * power * the patron * Agriculture * SOCIETY * faith * spiritual variety * Demographic teams * Human Rights * Customs * Hospitality * Marriage * Gender matters * vacations * paintings * activities and activity * Outlook * destiny clients * Demographics * Territorial clash * spiritual Extremism * financial balance * Footnotes * UAE state Profile * nation Profile * Geography * background * contemporary occasions and executive * economic system * Media * Ethnic teams * faith * Pre-Islamic Religions * Islam * faith and govt * everyday life * non secular vacation trips * areas of Worship * Traditions * Greetings * costume Code * Hospitality * vacation trips * Weddings * Funerals * Do's and Don'ts * city existence * Urbanization * schooling * overall healthiness Care * site visitors and Transportation * food and eating * industry * highway proprietors * amassing details * Rural existence * Rural Employment * Villages * way of life * overall healthiness and schooling * Rural management * relations lifestyles * family members vs. Tribe * Marriage and Divorce * average Household

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Guy Setton's Spanish–Israeli Relations, 1956–1992: Ghosts of the Past and PDF

By Guy Setton

regardless of a standard history courting again centuries and mutual nationwide pursuits, akin to their joint worry of Soviet effect around the Mediterranean, it took 38 years after the institution of the country of Israel (1948) and a decade after Franco's dying (1975) for kin to be validated among Jerusalem and Madrid (1986). there has been no obvious the reason is, either international locations wouldn't have confirmed complete diplomatic ties earlier. via 1953, besides the fact that, Israel all started adopting a extra pragmatic view. put up 1986 the binds among the 2 nations have been overshadowed by way of robust foreign political forces – the Arab–Israeli clash and the Israeli–Palestinian fight – which behind schedule bilateral growth. Explaining the influence of those forces is vital to realizing the relationship.

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Download e-book for kindle: Authority and Participation in a New Democracy: Political by Avi Bareli

By Avi Bareli

Authority and Participation in a brand new Democracy makes a speciality of the alterations gone through via Mapai, Israel’s first ruling occasion, in the course of Israel’s first years of independence, then analyzes the results of those alterations relating to Israeli political tradition. Bareli’s major declare is that it was once simply in this interval hierarchically-organized crew of leaders succeeded in implementing its dominance, fostering obedience in the occasion and developing oligarchic features in Israel’s democracy. The impression of the kibbutz flow, the moshavim stream and of city intelligentsia— who represented the other political view of participatory democracy—was lowered to a minimal. This procedure might have a profound influence on problems with equality, at the relatives among veteran Israelis and immigrants from either ecu and Islamic nations, and on social and civic norms.

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New PDF release: Ethnographic Encounters in Israel: Poetics and Ethics of

By Fran Markowitz

Israel is a spot of paradoxes, a small kingdom with a various inhabitants and complex social terrain. learning its tradition and social lifestyles skill confronting a large number of moral dilemmas and methodological demanding situations. The first-person money owed by way of anthropologists have interaction contradictions of faith, politics, identification, kinship, racialization, and globalization to bare interesting and sometimes vexing dimensions of the Israeli event. stuck up in urgent existential questions of battle and peace, social justice, and nationwide limitations, the participants discover the contours of Israeli society as insiders and outsiders, natives and strangers, in addition to critics and friends.

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Read e-book online Global Security Watch—Turkey: A Reference Handbook (Praeger PDF

By Mustafa Kibaroglu,Aysegul Kibaroglu

There are a couple of elements that increase Turkey's prestige within the overseas area and make it a tremendous nearby actor. As a longstanding member of the western international, a candidate nation to the eu Union, a staunch best friend of the USA, and a frontline country within the struggle opposed to terrorism, Turkey performs a key, but usually missed, function in global affairs. right knowing of the way judgements concerning international and safety matters are being taken in the nation gear in Turkey is crucially vital, in particular whilst unforeseen advancements occur. Mustafa and Aysegul Kibaroglu research the problems that force Turkish overseas coverage judgements during this the most important region.

This reference paintings chronicles the standards that have formed the mindsets of the makers of Turkey's overseas and safeguard guidelines from the root of the Republic in 1923. The authors supply not just meaninful reasons of previous occasions, but in addition worthy insigts into the present matters on the heart of Turkish local and overseas regulations. they provide a concise assessment of Turkish international coverage and investigate the placement of the state in the context of the battle on terror, globalization, and extra. Their narrative is supplemented via biographies of key determination makers, rules, and records that illustrate the alternatives that contain Turkey's earlier and present.

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Download e-book for iPad: Ending Empire in the Middle East: Britain, the United States by Simon C. Smith

By Simon C. Smith

This e-book is an immense and wide-ranging second look of Anglo-American family within the heart jap context. It analyses the method of finishing of empire within the center East from 1945 to the Yom Kippur battle of 1973. in line with unique learn into either British and American archival assets, it covers all of the key occasions of the interval, together with the withdrawal from Palestine, the Anglo-American coup opposed to the Musaddiq regime in Iran, the Suez difficulty and its aftermath, the Iraqi and Yemeni revolutions, and the Arab-Israeli conflicts. It demonstrates that, faraway from experiencing a ‘loss of nerve’ or tamely acquiescing in a move of strength to the USA, British decision-makers robustly defended their neighborhood pursuits good into the Nineteen Sixties or even past. It additionally argues that idea of the ‘special courting’ impeded the smooth-running of Anglo-American kinfolk within the sector by means of obscuring ameliorations, stymieing transparent communique, and working towards self-deception on policy-makers on either side of the Atlantic who assumed a contiguity which all too frequently did not exist. With the center East on the most sensible of the modern overseas coverage time table, and up to date Anglo-American interventions fuelling curiosity in empire, it is a well timed booklet of value to all these drawn to the modern improvement of the quarter.

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Download e-book for iPad: Anglo-Italian Relations in the Middle East, 19221940 by Massimiliano Fiore

By Massimiliano Fiore

among 1923 and 1934, Britain and Italy waged battle by way of proxy within the center East. at the back of the looks of ecu collaboration, relatives among London and Rome within the pink Sea have been significantly stressful. even if realistically Mussolini couldn't identify or preserve colonies within the Arabian Peninsula within the face of British competition, his regime undertook a couple of tasks within the zone to augment Italo-Arab family and to pave the way in which for destiny growth as soon as the stability of strength in Europe had shifted in Italy's favour. This publication examines 4 key facets of kin among Britain and Italy within the heart East within the interwar interval: the war of words among London and Rome for political impact between Arab leaders and nationalists; the contest for advertisement and exchange benefits within the zone; the Anglo-Italian propaganda warfare to win the hearts and minds of the Arab populations; and, the key international of British and Italian espionage and intelligence. a detailed research of those 4 key parts demonstrates how Anglo-Italian family broke down over the interwar interval and complements our wisdom and knowing of the criteria best as much as the widening of the second one international battle within the Mediterranean. This e-book is key analyzing for students interested in Anglo-Italian family, the actions of the Powers within the center East and the tensions among the colonial powers.

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Download e-book for kindle: The Lebanese Connection: Corruption, Civil War, and the by Jonathan Marshall

By Jonathan Marshall

lengthy sooner than Mexico, Colombia, and Afghanistan grew to become infamous for his or her contributions to the worldwide drug site visitors, Lebanon used to be a unique goal of U.S. drug brokers for harboring the world's maximum unmarried transit port within the overseas site visitors in narcotics. within the phrases of 1 American reliable, "certain of the most important traffickers are so influential politically, and likely hugely put officers so deeply concerned about the narcotic site visitors, that one may well good kingdom that the Lebanese executive is within the narcotics business."
Using formerly mystery govt files, The Lebanese Connection uncovers for the 1st time the tale of ways Lebanon's economic climate and political method have been corrupted via drug profits—and how, via financing its many ruthless armed forces, Lebanon's drug exchange contributed to the country's maximum disaster, its fifteen-year civil struggle from 1975 to 1990. In so doing, this e-book sheds new mild at the harmful position of sizeable felony organizations within the cave in of states and the construction of conflict economies that thrive in the middle of civil conflicts.
Taking a nearby method of the drug factor, Jonathan Marshall assesses the culpability of Syria, Israel, and of Palestinian factions and different teams that used Lebanon as their battleground. at the overseas point, he files Lebanon's contribution to the challenging drug challenge of significant eating international locations, from the times of the "French Connection" in the course of the "Pizza Connection," in addition to Lebanon's unmatched position within the international cannabis market.

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Read e-book online The Secret War for the Middle East: The Influence of Axis PDF

By Youssef H., Aboul-Enein

It may be argued that the center East throughout the international struggle II has been considered as that conflict’s most ignored theater of operations. although the specter of direct Axis invasion by no means materialized past the Egyptian Western desolate tract with Rommel’s Afrika Korps, this didn't restrict the Axis from probing the center East and cultivating capability collaborators and sympathizers. those activities left an indelible mark within the socio-political evolution of the fashionable states of the center East. This ebook explores the infusion of the political language of anti-Semitism, nationalism, fascism, and Marxism that have been one of the ideological byproducts of Axis and Allied intervention within the Arab international. The prestige of British-dominated heart East used to be tailored for exploitation by way of Axis intelligence and propaganda. German and Italian intelligence efforts fueled anti-British resentments; their impression formed the process Arab nationalist sentiments in the course of the center East. A suitable parallel to the pan-Arab reason was once Hitler’s try and deliver ethnic Germans into the fold of a better German kingdom. In concept, because the Sudeten German stood on par with the Carpathian German, so too, in response to doctrinal thought, did the Yemeni stand in union with the Syrian within the mind's eye of these espousing pan-Arabism. As old proof demonstrates, this very commonality proved to be a significant component within the improvement of relatives among Arab and Fascist leaders. The Arab nationalist circulate amounted to not anything greater than a shapeless, fragmented, counter place to British imperialism, imported to the Arab East through Berlin for Nazi aspirations.

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